The Maui County Council recently proposed two bills that would remove mixed use zoning from the hotel and industrial districts.
According to Wikipedia, "[t]hroughout most of human history, the majority of human settlements developed as mixed-use environments. [...] This historical mixed-used pattern of development declined during industrialisation in favor of large-scale separation of manufacturing and residences in single-function buildings." The idea of mixed use zoning has come full circle. Today, mixed use planning has made a comeback in the form of smart growth. For example, the American Planning Association has developed various smart growth model zoning codes with the aim of "encourag[ing] a mix of uses, the preservation of open spaces and environmentally sensitive areas, a range of housing types and transportation options, and predictable development review processes."
The Maui bills depart from the current smart growth trend. The first bill eliminates residential and apartment uses in hotel districts. The second bill eliminates business and apartment uses in the industrial district.
The Maui Planning Commission must make a recommendation to Council before Council may act on the proposed bill. Resolution No. 09-21 containing a Draft Bill to Amend Section 19.14.020 of the Maui County Code relating to eliminating the stacking of Residential and Apartment uses in the Hotel District will be heard by the Maui County Planning Commission on June 23, 2009. See agenda.